Q1. Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine coolant level and tell me how you would check the engine has the correct level.
A. Look for the coolant tank, point it out to the examiner and check the coolant level against the min / max markings. If the coolant has fallen below the minimum mark, top up with more coolant until it reaches the maximum. DO NOT drive the car if the coolant is below the minimum.
Q2. Open the bonnet, identify where the brake fluid reservoir is and tell me how you would check that you have a safe level of hydraulic brake fluid.
A. Identify the brake fluid reservoir and check the fluid level against the min / max levels. Top up with more brake fluid if the level is at or below minimum. If the brake fluid falls below that point, the car is unsafe to drive.
Q3. Show me / explain how you would check that the power assisted steering is working before starting a journey.
A. If the steering becomes heavy, it may be faulty. Before starting a journey two simple checks can be made:
1) Apply gentle pressure on the steering when starting the engine. You should feel some slight but noticeable movement as the power steering becomes active.
2) Turn the steering wheel after just moving off. You should be able to steer with little effort.
If steering the car is hard, inform your examiner.
Q4. Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine oil level and tell me how you would check that the engine has enough oil.
A. Identify the dipstick. It is a metal rod with a loop on the end that can be removed by hooking a finger in the loop and pulling it out. Wipe it clean with an old rag and replace. Make sure you push it all the way in. Remove it again to get a true reading against the min/max markings.
DO NOT drive the car if the level is below minimum.
Q5. Open the bonnet, identify where the Windscreen Washer reservoir is and tell me how you check the level?
A. Identify the reservoir, remove the cap and make a visual check of the level as there are no external markings on the reservoir.
Q6. Show me how you would check that the horn is working (off road only).
A. Press the horn and listen (turn on the ignition if necessary). If you are on a public road, point out the horn to the examiner and tell him or her that you would press it and listen, but do not beep your horn.
Q7. Show me how you would check that the brake lights are working on this car? I can assist you. If you need to switch the ignition on, please don’t start the engine.
A. Press the brake pedal, make use of reflections in windows, garage doors etc, or ask someone – the examiner – to help. You may need to switch the ignition on, but do not start the engine.
Q8. Tell me how you would check that the brakes are working before starting a journey.
A. Depress the brake pedal. There should be some resistance and the brakes should not feel spongy. The car should not pull to one side when moving or braking. If the brakes feel spongy or you can feel the car pull to the side at any time when driving, inform your examiner.
Q9. Tell me how you would check that the headlights and tail lights are working.
A. Turn on the headlights (turn the ignition if necessary), walk around the car and check that the lights are on.
Q10. Show me how you would check that the direction indicators are working correctly.
A. Switch on the hazard warning lights and walk around the car to see if all the indicators are working correctly.
Q11. Tell me where you would find the information for the recommended tyre pressures for this car and how tyre pressures should be checked.
A. The required information will be found in the car manufacturer’s manual. A common answer by learner drivers is, ‘Printed on the side of the tyres.’ That is not correct.
You can check the tyre pressures by using a reliable pressure gauge when the tyres are cold. Don’t forget the spare and remember to refit the valve caps.
Q12. Show me how you would check the parking brake for excessive wear.
A. Apply the parking brake. It should secure itself.
Q13. Tell me how you make sure your head restraint is correctly adjusted so it provides the best protection in the event of a crash.
A. The head restraint should be adjusted so the rigid part of the head restraint is at eye level and as close to the back of your head as is comfortable. N.B. Some restraints might not be adjustable.
Q14. Tell me how you would check the tyres to show that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.
A. The minimum tread depth is 1.6mm across 3/4 the width of the tyre and around the outer circumference. If the tread on the tyre falls below this depth, the tyre is illegal and is not fit to be used on the road. A roadworthy tyre will have no sign of cuts or bulges on either sidewall.
Q15. Show me how you would clean the windscreen using the windscreen washer and wipers.
A. Operate control to wash and wipe windscreen (turn ignition on if necessary). Most, but not all, cars will have the controls on the stick to the right of the steering column. Vertically moving the stick up and down will control the speed of the wipers. Moving it horizontally, forwards and backwards, will trigger the washer jets at the front and back of the vehicle.
Q16. Show me how you would set the demister controls to clear all the windows effectively, this should include both front and rear screens.
A. Set the fan controls, temperature, air direction and heated screen to clear the windscreen and windows. The vents at either side of the dashboard should be pointing towards the side windows and make sure they are open. The engine does not have to be started for this demonstration.
Q17. Tell me how you would know if there was a problem with your anti-lock braking system.
A. Your ABS warning light will light up if there is a fault with the anti-lock braking system.
Q18. Show me how you switch your headlight from dipped to main beam and explain how you would know the main beam is on whilst inside the car.
A. The switch is normally on the stick to the left hand side of the steering column. Moving the stick horizontally away from you will turn the headlights to full beam. The main beam warning light will light up with a bright blue colour. Pulling the stick back towards you will return the headlights to their dipped beam position. The blue light should go out.
Q19. Show me how you would switch on the rear fog light(s) and explain when you would use it/them. (No need to exit vehicle).
A. Point out the switch for your rear fog lights. Explain the use of this control. If you are uncertain, ask your instructor and refer to an up-to-date copy of the highway code – BEFORE your practical test. No-one can help you once the test has begun